The contractor must only use materials approved by, and to the limitations set by us. The Superintendent must obtain written permission from the consultant to use materials not approved by us.

​The contractor is responsible for the safekeeping of all materials, which must be handled and stored in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and in a manner that prevents damage.

Storage and handling of materials 6.5.1

Pipes and fittings

Pipes and fittings must be supplied, stored, and installed in accordance with the following relevant Australian Standards or in compliance with the manufacturer's recommendations:

  • AS/NZS 2032-2006 Code of Practice for installation of UPVC pipe systems

  • AS/NZS 2033-2008 Installation of polyethylene pipe systems

  • AS 2566.2-2002 Buried flexible pipelines - Installation

  • AS 3690-2009 Installation of ABS pipe systems

  • AS 3725-2007 Design for installation of buried concrete pipes

  • AS 4058-2007 Precast concrete pipes (pressure and non-pressure)

Pipe jointing rings

Rubber rings for pipe joints must be stored in accordance with AS 1646-2007.

Fibre-reinforced Concrete Pipes 6.5.2

  1. Fibre-reinforced Concrete (FRC) pipes may be used for our stormwater drainage projects and must be manufactured in accordance with AS 4139.

  2. All FRC pipes shall be installed in accordance with AS 3725-2007: Design for installation of buried concrete pipes.

  3. All FRC pipes shall be rubber-ring jointed.

  4. All FRC pipes used in projects shall be of equivalent class of Steel Reinforced Concrete (SRC) pipes.

  5. Where a FRC pipe is used on our project, which is later intended to be transferred to Council, proof must be supplied that the FRC product is also acceptable to the relevant Council.

Concrete plain and reinforced 6.5.3

  1. Pre-mixed concrete must be supplied in accordance with AS 1379-2007 and AS 3600-2009 from a plant operated by a quality endorsed supplier listed as a preferred supplier to us.

  2. All concrete work must be in accordance with AS 3600-2009 and AS 3610-1995. The grade of concrete to be used must be as shown on the Drawings. Where no grade is shown, N25 Grade concrete must be used.

  3. The contractor must arrange for all deliveries of concrete and give the Superintendent a minimum of 24 hours notice of the proposed supply arrangements each time concrete will be supplied.

  4. The contractor must obtain two copies of the Concrete Forwarding Advice Form from the delivery driver and forward them to the Superintendent.

  5. The contractor must:

    • obtain a delivery docket from the delivery driver

    • ensure the concrete ordered has been delivered

    • make the delivery docket available to the Superintendent upon request.

  6. No water may be added after departure from the plant.

  7. The use of admixture is subject to the approval of the superintendent.

  8. Concrete must be fully placed for use within 90 minutes from commencement of mixing at the plant. The Superintendent may further reduce this time if the ambient air temperature makes this necessary.

  9. The grade of concrete delivered must be as ordered.

  10. The contractor must arrange for concrete testing by a NATA registered tester when directed by the Superintendent.

  11. All concrete is to be tested in accordance with the requirements AS 1012 and AS 1379-2007.

Reinforcement 6.5.4

All reinforcing bars must be deformed steel, Grade D500N, in accordance with AS/NZS 4671-2001 unless otherwise shown on the Drawings. All reinforcing fabric must comply with AS/NZS 4671-2001. The reinforcement cover must be as shown on the Drawings. If no dimension is shown on the drawings, reinforcement must have 50 millimetres cover to the concrete surface.

Reinforcement fixing 6.5.5


The contractor is responsible for the fixing of the reinforcement in accordance with this specification and the associated contract documents.


Reinforcement must be securely tied with 1.2 millimetre black annealed wire at all laps and intersections.


The reinforcement must be fixed and maintained in position in accordance with the requirements of AS 3600-2009, except where the requirements are modified by this Specification.


Where bending of reinforcement is required by the drawings it shall be undertaken in accordance with AS 3600-2009.


When splices in reinforcement aren't shown on the drawings and are required by the contractor, the contractor must submit details of the proposed splices for approval to the Superintendent.


Reinforcement must not be welded except where shown on the drawings or requested by the contractor and approved by the superintendent. Welding should be in accordance with AS 1554.3-2008, Part 3, except where the requirements are modified by this Specification. Welding mustn't be carried out within 75 millimetres of a bend having an internal diameter less than 12 bar diameters, or at any point in a bar which has been re-bent. Tack welding of reinforcement must be approved by the superintendent and may be used to maintain the reinforcement in its correct position.

Cleaning of reinforcement

Reinforcement must be in a clean condition so the surface is free of loose mill scale, loose rust, mud, oil, grease and other non-metallic coatings which would reduce the bond between the concrete and the steel.

Where reinforcement has been partially encased and its uncased portion will be directly exposed to the weather, it must be coated with a cement wash or an approved equivalent.

The contractor must ensure any galvanised or zinc-rich coating of the reinforcement is protected from damage. Damaged reinforcements must be removed and replaced or the damaged coating must be repaired by the application of approved zinc or zinc-epoxy coating.

Supports for reinforcement

Chairs, spacers, stools, hangers and ties may be used as supports for reinforcement. Supports must be made of metal, concrete or plastics. Pieces of wood, aggregate, brick or the like mustn't be used. Unprotected ferrous metal mustn't be used in supports where they extend to the surfaces of the concrete or where they're used in conjunction with galvanised or zinc-coated reinforcement.

The supports must be able to withstand construction traffic and be sufficient in number and spacing to maintain the reinforcement in its correct position. Particular care must be given to the support of light gauge reinforcement and of reinforcements where the concrete will be cast against the ground. Care must be taken so no damage occurs to any waterproofing cover or vapour barrier and a metal or plastic plate must be placed under each chair.

Placing tolerances

The reinforcement must be fixed and maintained in position within the tolerances described in AS 3600-2009.

Construction joints 6.5.6

Construction joints must be in accordance with AS 3600-2009 and are only permitted:

  • at locations shown on the drawings

  • where called for in this specification

  • where approved by the superintendent

Waterstops 6.5.7

PVC waterstops must be placed as shown on the Drawings or as directed by the superintendent. Waterstops must be placed centrally and normal to the plane of the joint with the central bulb on the joint line. The number of splices in the waterstop must be the minimum practicable and they must be thermally welded unless otherwise approved by the superintendent. The contractor must support and protect the waterstops and replace or repair any waterstop damage before further construction.

Cast in pipes and fittings 6.5.8

All pipes and fittings must be cast in place when concrete is placed unless otherwise shown on the drawings or approved by the superintendent.

Metal work 6.5.9

All metal work must conform with the relevant Australian Standards.

Where shown on the drawings, all mild steel fittings must be hot dipped galvanised in accordance with AS/NZS 4680-2006.

If limited damage to galvanising has occurred during transport or erection of the metal fittings, the affected areas must be coated with a zinc-rich paint. All extensively damaged fittings must be removed and re-galvanised or replaced in accordance with AS/NZS 4680-2006.

All stainless steel must be Grade 316L where welded, and Grade 316 elsewhere, in accordance with AS/NZS 4673-2001 and ISO 3506-2009.

Supply of water to the works 6.5.10

The contractor is responsible for the cost of the maintenance and repair of facilities used to supply water to the Works.

Water mustn't be taken from a metered service or private trunk service without the written approval of the owner.

The contractor must obtain permission from us for the use of water required for construction purposes.

Water mustn't be taken from our mains when water restrictions are in force. Water from alternative sources must be obtained at the contractor's expense.


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